Engineering: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Development
This is the ﬁrst UNESCO report on engineering, and indeed the ﬁrst report on engineering at the international level. With a focus on development, the report has been produced in response to calls to address what was perceived as a particular need and serious gap in the literature.
It was developed by UNESCO, the intergovernmental organization responsible for science, including engineering, in conjunction with individual engineers and the main international engineering organizations: the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), the International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences (CAETS) and the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC).
The Report sheds new light on the need to:
- develop public and policy awareness and understanding of engineering, affirming the role of engineering as the driver of innovation, social and economic development;
- develop information on engineering, highlighting the urgent need for better statistics and indicators on engineering (such as how many and what types of engineers a country has and needs – which was beyond the scope of this Report);
- transform engineering education, curricula and teaching methods to emphasize relevance and a problem-solving approach to engineering;
- more effectively innovate and apply engineering and technology to global issues and challenges such as poverty reduction,
- sustainable development and climate change – and urgently develop greener engineering and lower carbon technology.